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Abstract: Domestic Violence in Ghana

January 1, 2010
By Asante, R.K.O. and Hammond, E. K. 2008

Background
Domestic violence is increasingly assuming epidemic proportions in Ghana. No day passes without the mass media reporting serious violence offences within families and households. Victims were persons all of ages ranging babies, infants, children and the elderly. The most affected are females. Both males and females are perpetrators but the males are in the majority. In order to better understand this undesirable phenomenon in our society, there is the need to undertake a structured study these reports.

Purpose of study
The purpose of this study was to review reported cases of violence to characterise the problem of domestic violence for further research. This will help develop effective intervention to curb the menace.

Methods
One hundred and twenty seven (127) violence-related reports on the internet (Ghanaweb) were reviewed. First, all headlines on domestic violence related issues were selected. These articles were then read to ensure they dealt with violence cases that impact negatively on the health of individuals. The articles covered the months of July, August, September, October, November and December, 2007. The information given in the reports were then categorised under the following headings: nature of violence, gender of offender, age of offender, town of incidence, occupation of victim, occupation of offender, gender of victim, age of victim, weapon used for violence, damage caused, and relationship of offender to victim. They were then entered into SPSS and analysed.

Results
Results showed that the incidence of defilement and rape was highest. Over 90% of the offenders were males whether as a group or individually. Most of the offenders were between the ages of 20 and 34. Domestic violence was perpetuated in all regions of Ghana. Most of the victims were females and students. The largest groups of perpetrators were artisans and farmers. Interestingly, most of the victims were adolescents and young adults in their twenties. The most common violent acts were rape and defilement. More than half of the victims died. The perpetrators were relatives, neighbours or acquaintances of their victims.

Conclusion
Domestic violence as reported and encountered in Ghana has several features that make them amenable to preventive measures and public health interventions of proven effectiveness.

Further research on this topic should be multisectorial and multi-disciplinary in view of the many agencies and expertise needed to address the problem.
 

Abstract: Health Issues Reported by Two Prominent Local Newspapers

January 1, 2010
By Asante, R.K.O; Hammond, E.K.; Manu, A and Soyiri, I.N.

Background
The print media often claim to play a vital role of informing and educating the public about health issues.

Purpose of the study
This research was a preliminary one to explore health news reporting. It was to find out what exactly the local print media report on and the magnitude of reportage. The objective was to reveal whether some issues are given more attention than others and if this was the case, then a qualitative ...

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Anxiety, Phobia and Stress

January 1, 2010
By E. K. Hammond (Published in SPH Digest, University of Ghana, Legon)

Those who have been tense before a public speaking or an interview have an idea of what anxiety feels like. Tension of this sort is characterised by increased heart beat, rapid breathing, sweating and fear. When this is intense, severe, or disruptive to one’s daily life, it becomes an anxiety disorder. A common type of this is phobic disorder, or simply put, phobia. Others are generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder,...

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How to Write an Academic Research Proposal

December 31, 2009
By Emmanuel K. Hammond, 2009

An academic research proposal is usually made up of three main parts: the Introduction, Literature Review, and the Methodology.


INTRODUCTION

Generally, the introduction of an academic research proposal is made up of the following sections; it might differ depending on the type of research, department or supervisor.
  • Background to the Study
  • Statement of the Problem
  • Objectives of the study
  • Research questions
  • Statement of hypotheses
  • Significance of the study
  • Definition of ter...

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The Publisher


Information Consult is a Ghanaian registered business involved in research, database, website and business development. The Coordinator is an Information Consultant (Research and MIS Expert) with a background in the Social Sciences (Psychology with Philosophy) and Management Information Systems. He has 10 years of research experience.
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